HomeBreedsEye ColoursWhat Breeds?Breed OriginsCat BreedsCat ColoursCat Note MenuEye ColoursWhat Breeds?Coat PatternsBreed OriginsCoat Patterns

Cat Note Category - Health


Health

View Cat Note Categories : 10

General Health Notes

Health
Health
Abscess - General
An abscess may develop after a fight with another cat, and is caused by a puncture of the skin that is so small that it passes unnoticed until the cat looks miserable and goes off his food. Close examination will reveal a hard, shining swelling, which gradually grows larger. This is filled with pus and may have to be brought to a head with thrice-daily hot water fomentations, hot but not boiling. Professional treatment is recommended as the vet may consider antibiotic injections necessary. The fur should be cut short around the swelling, and lancing may be needed with a sterilized needle when the swelling has come to a head. Once the pus is out, the cat will be in much less pain and should start eating again. Washing the wound with salt water washes will aid with healing. The wound should not be allowed to close up too quickly as the abscess may redevelop.

Health
Health
Ailurophobia - General
There are some people for whom the cat holds nothing but discomfort and even terror. In some cases the effects on humans is purely physical. An allergy to cats does occasionally occur and sufferers may develop skin lesions or find difficulty in breathing. In addition to those with a physical allergy to cats, there are a number of people who feel nausea, they may vomit, sweat, faint, and in extreme cases exhibit hysteria. Among, the famous men who have suffered from this condition known as Ailurophobia, are Julius Caesar and Napoleon.

Health
Health
Bites And Scratches - General
Cats are territorial and will fight other cats who try and move in on their space, during a fight cats can be bitten and scratched, any such a wound should be bathed with mild disinfectant to prevent sepsis and monitoring your cat for bites to develop into nasty abscesses.

Health
Health
Boy Or Girl - General
If wishing to determine the sex of a kitten, the easiest way is to hold it in the hand and look under the tail. A male kitten has a circular anus near the base of the tail, with round testicles about half an inch away, while the female has a circular anus with a small slit, the entrance to the vagina, positioned very close to the anus under the tail. If there are both sexes in a litter, sexing is more easily done by comparison.

Health
Health
Broken Bones - General
Cats are very delicate and small and it does not take to much force to break their small bones. A bone may be broken should a cat be hit by a car, receive a blow, or fall from a height. If it is suspected, keep the cat warm and as still as possible, and a trip to the vet immediately for professional treatment is a must.

Health
Health
Buying A Kitten Or Cat - General
When buying a kitten or cat you should enquire whether or not the cat has recieved any vaccinations against such diseases as Feline infectious enteritis, Panleukopaenia, or any of the upper respiratory diseases such as Rhinotracheitis ans Calicivirus, and whether or not the parents have been recently tested as free from feline leukaemis virus. When buying a kitten, whether it is pedigree or pet quality, you should make sure that you choose one which is healthy and properly weaned. The kitten should be about 12 weeks of age, if possible, before it is taken away from the comfort of its accustomed environment and the companionship of its littermates.

Health
Health
Cat Conjunctivitis - General
If the cat paws at its eyes which are severly inflamed and have a sticky discharge, the cat may be suffering from conjunctivitis, which is contagious and should be treated professionally.

Health
Health
Cat Weight - General
Cats should typically weigh between 2.5 and 7 kg. A more cuddly kitty may need to be put on a diet!

Health
Health
Choosing A Kitten - General
When checking over the kitten you choose, examine the fur carefully. It should be clean and fresh-looking, without any signs of parasitic infection or fungus disease. There should be no scabs or scratches on the skin, or any of the tiny grits which are excreted by cat fleas. Check inside the ears, they should be clean and sweet smelling with a slightly moist apearance. Again, dark grits indicate the presence of parasites, this time of tiny mites which infest the inner ear canals. Check the area under the tail, it should look clean and tidy with no yellow staining to indicate diarrhoea. The kittens eyes should be bright and clear, the third eyelids should not protrude at the inner corners, and there should be no sign of any soreness or discharge. The nostrils, too, should be clean and dry. The young kitten should be playful unless you call during cat nap time, the kitten should move properly in a co-ordinated manner. Although its body should feel firm, the stomach should not be distended as this could indicate infestations with intestinal worms. If your new kitten has not had its injections, you must arrange with a veterinary surgeon to take care of these without further delay. Provide your kitten or kittens with plenty of toys, warmth, a good diet, fed in four small daily meals, and your pet will grow strong and healthy in leaps and bounds.

Health
Health
Cleaning And Disinfectants - General
Cleaning And Disinfectants Many disinfectants, that for example would be used on cleaning litter trays and cat dishes maybe harmful to your cat, even those which are safe for human babies, are highly toxic to cats, causing convulsions and even death, so it is important to stock the home with suitable products when you have pets. The same care should be taken with cats food and water bowls. Washing them carefully after each meal, rinsing thoroughly under running water and allow to drain dry natrally.

Health
Health
Desexing A Female Cat - General
Spaying a female cat is called an ovario-hysterectomy and is an internal operation. It is best carried out at six months of age, she is kept at the vet clinic overnight in order to recover completely from the anaesthetic. When she comes home she will have two or three stitches closing the small incision, and these are generally removed about one week later.

Health
Health
Desexing And Neutering A Male Cat - General
It is best to arrange castration at about six to eight months of age. The operation is simple and is carried out under a general anaesthetic with no adverse after effects. The kitten generally stays in the hospital for one night and on return home, plays happily as though nothing has happened. The neuted male is a delight, loving and generally clean around the house.

Health
Health
Ear Trouble And Ear Mites - General
If your cat is sitting with its head to one side, pawing at the ears, or shaking its head it may be the first indication of ear trouble. Close inspection may show a dark brown discharge with an unpleasant smell, indicating the presence of ear mites, generally refered to as canker. As there are various types, a vet should be consulted to prescribe the correct treatment.

Health
Health
Eye Trouble - General
Some cats with very short noses have a brown discharge in the corners of the eyes, which should be wiped away daily so that the fur on the face is not permanently stained.

Health
Health
Feline Infectious Enteritis Or Panleucopenia - General
Feline infectious enteritis or panleucopenia is a killer, invariably proving fatal once it has been contracted. It need not be, as inoculations are available which give practically one hundred percent protection. Several vaccines are available, usually given in the form of two injections, but your vet will advise as to the best one, and the right age at which it should be given, usually when the kitten is about ten weeks old. Feline infectious enteritis can kill in a matter of hours, with poisen being blamed rather than illness. The symptoms are generally a high fever, loss of appetite, slight vomiting, general lassitude and dehydration. The kitten may sit with its head over a bowl of water without drinking, or may crouch in a dark corner uninterested in anything. The cat should be taken to a vet for immediate treatment. The virus is so violent that no new kitten should be introduced into a home where the illness has been for at least six months afterwards. The new cat should have been inoculated at least three or four weeks before bringing into the infected house. The house should have been thoroughly disinfected, and the cats blankets, basket, and toys destroyed.

Health
Health
Fleas - General
Many cats pick up the occasional flea, but should never be allowed to become infested, as having fleas and tapeworms go together. The daily grooming should ensure that any odd flea is discovered, but should the fur be full of tiny black specks, which are the flea festations, a suitable insecticide must be used, following the procedure given on the containeror bottle. No insecticides should used on kittens or nursing mothers as any licked down can cause the death of small animals.

Health
Health
Its All In The Eyes - General
Cats eyes are a sure indication of health, they should be bright and alert, and the nose should be cool and moist to the touch. Cats are clean and fastidious, so you should help to keep their coats free from fleas and their ears clean, or they will be very miserable and unhealthy.

Health
Health
Life Span - General
Barring accidents cats live a long time 13 or 14 years being the average, but 20 or even more not being unknown, so if you decide to take on the responsibility of a kitten, choose with care and make sure that you get what you really want.

Health
Health
Nursing A Sick Kitten Or Cat - General
Nursing is important in all cases of illness, as cats become very depressed and will give up easily. The patient should be isolated in a warm but not overheated room, and a comfortable bed to sleep on, which depending on the cats illness may need to be destroyed when the cat has recovered. The sick kitten or cat should not be left alone for long, and frequently visited and talked to lovingly and cheerfully. The washing of hands for people in contact with a sick cat is vital, even changing of clothes may be required. To make the cat feel more comfortable any mucus from the nose should be wiped away, and the areas around the mouth and under the tail washed gently with a dampened cloth or cotton wool. The cat when getting better should be given its favourite food to get it eating again. In some illnesses the sense of smell and taste may be lost, so something with a strong flavour can be given.

Health
Health
Oestrus (When A Cat Is On Heat) - General
Domestic cats are sexually mature at 10 months or less, the earliest record being 3 and a half months. The height of the breeding season is from late December to March but the female may come on heat at intervals of 3-9 days from December to August. She is at her best for breeding purposes from 2-8 years. Males are at their highest potential from 3-8 years. Oestrus (heat) may last up to 21 days and is preceded by 2 or 3 days of excessive playfulness. Gestation is usually 65 days but may vary from 56-68 days. There may be up to eight kittens in a litter, but 13 are known. Very young mothers have only 1 or 2 and the number drops again as the female approaches 8 years of age.

Health
Health
Pneumonitis Or Cat Flue Or Distemper - General
The cat flue is a most serious illness, it can cause death but it responds to early treatment with antibiotics. The symptoms are runny eyes and nose, sneezing, wheezing, possibly diarrhoea, high temperature and refusal of food. The illness may be long and recovery slow, but careful nursing and a nourishing diet should effect a complete cure. If necessary, the animal may have to be given injectons and be force fed to keep it alive. A small quantity of glucose dissolved in warm water and given on the side of the mouth with a medicine dropper may help to keep the cat going. Some vets vaccinate against pneumonitis but, as the illness is known in so many forms it may be difficult to find the correct vaccine.

Health
Health
Poisoning - General
A cat may become fatally ill through licking or swallowing substances which are poisonous to them, such as weed-killers or flea powders containing DDT, or eating rats or mice that have been poisoned. Aspirin should never be given to a cat as this is a poison to them. As treatments depends entirely on the type of poisoning, the symptoms should be telephoned to the vet immediately. In an emergency a piece of washing soda pushed down the cats throat, or making them drink some salt water may induce sickness thereby saving his life.

Health
Health
Round Worms - General
Worms in cats and kittens cause debility, loss of weight and even anaemia. A kitten with worms may have a coat that looks in poor condition, a swollen belly and bad breath. Worms may be vomited or seen in there motions, like thin pieces of string. Round worms are far more serious in kittens than adults, and the vet should be asked to prescribe the correct tablets for the size, weight and age of the animal. Be aware the overdosing of worming medications has been known to cause the death of small animals.

Health
Health
Skin Problems - General
There are several skin complaints from which a cat may suffer. These include eczema, which is frequently caused by an allergy, mange and ringworm, both the latter being contagious. Any bare pathes in the fur, particularly round ones, should be suspect and veterinary treatment is essential.

Health
Health
Stings - General
Although the fur usually gives adequate protection, cats may be stung through patting at a bee or a wasp. If possible, pull out the sting and dab the area with a mild disinfectant. A sting in the mouth and throat with much swelling must be treated as serious, necessitating urgent veterninary treatment.

Health
Health
Tape Worms - General
If a cat has a large appetite but still looks thin and in poor condition, a tape worm should be suspected. This is serious causing anaemia, debility, even fits. Segments of the flat worm maybe seen hanging from the cats anus or sticking to its fur like dried segments of rice grain. Fleas act as the intermediary host to the tape worm, so if there are fleas in its coat a cat may also suffer from tape worm. As the head attaches itself to the intestine, with the body growing up to several feet in length, it is essential that the correct medicine is prescribed by the vet and given to ensure the whole worm is expelled without doing internal damage. After treatment, it may be necessary to feed the cat extra raw meat to counteract anaemia.

Health
Health
Teething - General
At about the age of five or six months the second teeth begin to appear, and the milk teeth fall out. If the kitten goes off its food, examine its gums and you may find that they are inflamed. A daily dose of milk or magnesia and easily eaten food should be given. In an older cat dribbling or bad breath may be a sign of bad teeth or tarter, both of which can easily be dealt with by a vet.

Breed Specific Health Notes

Health
Health
Abyssinian Ears - Abyssinian
The large ears on the Abyssinian breed must be kept clean at all times, by use of moistened cotton buds.

Health
Health
Blue Eyed Shorthair - British Shorthair
Blue Eyed Shorthair The British Shorthairs who are a solid white colour with blue eyes are often deaf, provided the cats are cared for with considerations to this condition, for example making them an indoor pet, they can live a happy full life.

Health
Health
Extra Warmth - Devon Rex
The Devon Rex requires extra care in cooler temperatures and winter, and needs extra warmth and heating. The Devon Rexs large ears need regular cleaning with a cotton bud.

Health
Health
Korat Health - Korat
The Korat cats need to be kept warm in cooler climates, they are prone to chills and respiratory infections in cooler weather. It is vital the cats are vaccinated against viral infections.

Health
Health
Selkirk Rex Coat - Selkirk Rex
The Selkirk Rex needs to be monitored for irritations of the ears, the curly coat can compound in the ears increasing the production of ear wax and irritation. The curly coat can cause excessive greasiness and the cats can require frequent baths.

Health
Health
Somali Special Care - Somali
The Somali breed is prone to health issues if the cat becomes overweight, they will over eat if allowed to, their diet should be monitored. Somali cats cannot tolerate the cold and may require special care during winter.

Health
Health
Sphynx Care - Sphynx
The Sphynx breed needs special care in winter the cat needs a warm environment as it is hairless. The cat breed does not like loud noises.

Health
Health
Tiffanys Special Care - Tiffany
The Tiffany breed requires occasional combing, with particular attention to the ruff and hindquaters. The cats ears can develop more waxiness than other breeds and need to be monitored and cleaned regularly.

View Breeds : 49


PatYourPussy.com eBay Search System
The ultimate eBay Cat Search on the Web.